They have a notch in their tails, as well as tusks. There are three different manatee species. Disclaimer: The Animal Diversity Web is an educational resource written largely by and for college students.ADW doesn't cover all species in the world, nor does it include all the latest scientific information about organisms we describe. Manatee Scientific name The scientific name for the manatee is Trichechus. They have large, strong tails that power their swimming. (59 kg). There are two subspecies of the West Indian manatee: the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris) and the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus). Once the male has mated, though, he takes no part in the raising of the young. ... Cymodoceaceae – Manatee-grass family Genus: Cymodocea K.D. Manatees are also known as sea cows. From recent aerial synoptic surveys, there are at least 5,000 Florida manatees. The Amazon species name "inunguis" is Latin for "without nails. Although they usually move along in slow motion, they can also cruise, or swim at a steady pace, at five miles (eight kilometers) an hour. These tropical creatures have an aerodynamic body, which is very robust in the middle portion, while it narrows towards its back and ends in a tail shaped like a paddle which they employ to swim with up and down movements. There are three species of manatee: the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis); the West Indian manatee, or the American manatee (Trichechus manatus); and the African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis). One reason for the status is that manatees reproduce very slowly — the time between generations is about 20 years. For example we don’t understand why some manatee mothers abandon their calf. Sirens were sea nymphs who lured sailors to their island with their mesmerizing songs. Reaching up to 13 feet (4 meters) long and weighing as many as 1,300 pounds (600 kilograms), West Indian manatees look more like small cars than people. Although they have no documented predators, it is believed that alligators, sharks and crocodiles occasionally attack and kil… (200 to 590 kilograms). Manatees' eyes are small, but their eyesight is good. The scientific name for the Antillean manatee is Trichechus manatus manatus. Typically, manatees stay in rivers, seas and oceans along the coast of several countries. Due to their herbivorous diet and docile demeanor they are also known as sea cows. The manatee is listed under the federal Endangered Species Act as … Manatees are herbivores, feeding solely on seagrass, algae and other vegetation in freshwater and estuarine systems in the southeastern United States. But the population of the animals is still under immense pressure due to their slow reproductive and breeding rate and the incessant dangers in the wild. You will receive a verification email shortly. Image from: World Widlife Fund. Manatees are herbivores. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. From fun and affordable field trips for students to amazing summer adventures, our camps combine education and entertainment in a way that connects people to the sea and sea life like nowhere else. There are still many unanswered questions about the manatee even though they has been plenty of research about them. Manatees are large aquatic mammals, and sometimes they're referred to as “sea cows.” They're very large averaging 10 feet long and 1,200 pounds! Scientists once mistakenly thought manatees were closely related to walruses based on facial similarities (Reynolds and Odell, 1991). A manatee munching down on some sargassum. These are primarily terrestrial monkeys, and they move with long arms to forage on the ground for fruits, roots, and animals such as insects, reptiles, and amphibians. Manatees usually swim about 5 mph (8 km/h), but they can swim up to 15 mph (24 km/h) in short bursts when they feel a need for speed, according to National Geographic. There are three species of manatee: the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis); the West Indian manatee, or the American manatee (Trichechus manatus); and the African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis). Learn more about the Seasonal Camp Counselor program at SeaWorld. Alina Bradford - Live Science Contributor They also play an important role in maintaining a healthy ecosystem. An animal that is similar to the manatee is the dugong (Dugong dugon). These four orders of mammals are sometimes considered "subungulates", meaning they may be evolutionary offshoots of a primitive ungulate (hoof) stock. 31 March 2017. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), downgraded the West Indian manatees' status from endangered to threatened, Manatees are also vulnerable to collisions with speedboats, The best Lego sets for alien, sci-fi, space fans and more, 20 of the worst epidemics and pandemics in history, Catch the full moon (and a penumbral eclipse) on Monday, Adorable monkeys caught commiting grisly act of cannibalism, Megalodon nurseries reveal world’s largest shark had a soft side. Except for the Amazonian manatee, their paddlelike flippers have vestigial toenails — a remnant of the claws they had when they lived on land. Come face-to-face with the wonders of wildlife through species-focused episodes and related classroom activities. Manatee Grass (Syringodium filiforme) Occurring throughout most of Florida’s estuaries, manatee grass is the second most common seagrass in Florida waters. The African manatee lives along the coast and in the rivers of western Africa. Their names indicate the regions in which they live. The West Indian manatee is a large, aquatic mammal. When they live in rivers, they consume freshwater vegetation. This species has smooth skin. According to National Geographic, a manatee can eat a tenth of its own weight in 24 hours. A second species, the Steller's sea cow was discovered in 1741 and hunted to extinction by 1768. The Greek name for this order is derived from the sirens of Greek mythology. Are you wild about whales? The family name is Trichechidae. Also known as “sea cow”, “sea pig” and “sea camel”, the dugong is a medium-sized marine mammal and one of the four living of the Sirenia order. The Amazonian manatee come from the ‘Sirenia’ order and are also known as ‘seacows’. Scientific Name; CYMA18: Cymodocea manatorum Asch. At SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, we extend our commitment to the environment beyond our company by supporting a variety of conservation groups and programs. Genus, Species Trichechus manatus, the West Indian manatee. Dull gray, blackish, or brown in color, all three species have … Classification. Go behind-the-scenes to see how our trainers care for and interact with these amazing animals, and get up close with some finned, flippered, or feathered friends. Stay up to date on the coronavirus outbreak by signing up to our newsletter today. Most other mammals, including giraffes, have seven. Manatee, any of three species of large slow aquatic mammals found along tropical and subtropical Atlantic coasts and associated inland waters, including the watersheds of the Amazon and Niger rivers. As they swim, they poke their nose up above the water's surface to catch a few breaths every few minutes. Throughout a manatee's life, the molars are constantly replaced — an adaption to their diet of abrasive vegetation. The West Indian manatee looks allot like a whale or a walrus, but is actually most closely related to the elephant,. The Amazonian manatee is the smallest member of the manatee family. Future US, Inc. 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, Studies using biochemical analysis of proteins show that the closest modern relatives of sirenians are elephants, aardvarks, and small mammals known as hyraxes. A group of manatees is called an aggregation. Partners in Manatee Health Research International Union for Conservation of Nature. Manatees' only teeth are called marching molars. The Amazonian manatee species inhabit the Amazon River and the African manatee swims along the west coast and rivers of Africa. Receive mail from us on behalf of our trusted partners or sponsors? Crazy about roller coasters? During mating, a female manatee, which is called a cow, will be followed around by a dozen or more males, which are called bulls. Its scientific species name, inunguis means "no nails," referring to the fact that this is the only manatee species that does not have nails on its forelimbs. They are also known as "sea cows" due to the amount of time they spend eating, resting or traveling in the rivers, estuaries, saltwater bays, creeks and canals along the coast. So are we! The African manatee lives along the coast and in the rivers of western Africa. Manatees are also vulnerable to collisions with speedboats. At sea, they tend to prefer sea grasses. Sounds funny but scientists use complex schemes (scientific names) for naming plants and animals in order to categorize and discuss the natural world. ADD TO FLEET Such surveys may be needed to assess species' presence or absence, as well as the extent of project effects on … Algae, photosynthetic organisms, often grow on manatees' skin. The scientific name for the sea cow family is Trichechidae. This name is apt, due to their large stature; slow, lolling nature; and propensity to be eaten by other animals. ", The name manatee comes from the Taíno (a pre-Columbian people of the Caribbean) word manatí, meaning "breast.". Manatees are large aquatic mammals found both in the Americas and in Africa. On March 31, 2017, however, the U.S. Habitat loss from waterfront development also impacts their survival. The Amaz… But manatees aren't out of the woods yet, and are still considered a "threatened species." Download free teacher guides to keep students learning in a hands-on way: includes vocabulary, classroom activities, goals and objectives. After a long sea voyage, sailors may have thought they were seeing sirens, or mermaids, when they were probably seeing manatees or dugongs. Manatees don't always need to breathe. Live Science is part of Future US Inc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. There are two subspecies of West Indian manatees: the Antillean manatee (Trichechus manatus manatus), and the Florida manatee (Trichechus manatus latirostris). New York, Federally Listed Species in Manatee County, Florida This information is provided as a guide to project planning, and is not a substitute for site-specific surveys. The fossil record of sirenians is incomplete, and the relationship between manatees and their ancestors is poorly known. If they are simply resting, they can stay under the water for 15 minutes without taking a breath, according to National Geographic. As a result, manatees cannot turn their heads sideways, and must turn their whole body around to look behind them. But don't let their size fool you: manatees are actually incredibly graceful creatures. These large seal-shaped creatures with flippers as forelimbs and paddle-like rounded tails are slow-moving creatures. In five years, the young manatee will be sexually mature and ready to have its own young. Find quick information and fun facts with these 1-page easy resources about animals from A to Z. Our overarching zoological mission is to foster conservation awareness and to impart action on our park guests to preserve wild animals and wild places. The sea cow family is part of the order Sirenia. Thank you for signing up to Live Science. An aggregation usually never grows larger than about six individuals, according to the Save the Manatee Club. ADD NOTES. Also, in West Africa, manatees are hunted for their meat. These manatee cousins are found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It grows to about 9 feet long and can weigh up to 1,100 pounds. Correll – manatee … Taken with tigers? Due to their eating habits, manatees are nicknamed “sea cows” because they eat seagrasses and other aquatic plants. Please refresh the page and try again. That can equal up to 130 lbs. The manatee is a large marine mammal with an egg-shaped head, flippers and a flat tail. According to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), the manatee's full classification is: The IUCN's Red List of Threatened Species lists all manatees as vulnerable or endangered and facing a high risk of extinction. The Amazonian Manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is a species of manatee that lives in the freshwater habitats of the Amazon River and its tributaries. Though they may seem like cumbersome creatures, manatees can swim quickly and gracefully. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. For the most part, they have an amazing maternal instinct and do all they can to care for their young. Browse our extensive collection of zoological career infobooks including animal training, animal rescue and rehabilitation and zoo careers. … scientific name Trichechus inunguis One of the 3 manatee species in the world, Trichechus inunguis is a river dweller that can reach 2.8 m in length and weigh half a ton. The calf, or baby manatee, is born underwater. Koenig – cymodocea Species: Cymodocea filiformis (Kütz.) SYFI: Syringodium filiforme Kütz. Hear animal sounds for animals like anteaters, dolphins, frogs and more. In addition, fishermen trawling with nets in the Amazon and West Africa pose a grave threat to these slow-moving mammals. noun any of several plant-eating aquatic mammals of the genus Trichechus, of West Indian, Floridian, and Gulf Coast waters, having two flippers in front and a broad, spoon-shaped tail: all species are endangered. It is also found in Bermuda, the Bahamas, and throughout the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. MANATEE. Manatees have only six neck vertebrae. Manatee Scientific Research. They have a special membrane that can be drawn across the eyeball for protection. Come with us on an unforgettable journey behind the scenes during a SeaWorld or Busch Gardens Camp. It´s important to start by mentioning that the name «manatee» comes from a Caribbean indigenous language meaning «with breasts». Manatees: Manatees are large, herbivorous mammals that live in water. Visit our corporate site. The Amazon manatee lives in the Amazon River's drainage, from the headwaters in Colombia, Peru and Ecuador to the mouth of the Amazon in Brazil. Manatees aren’t sexually mature until they are about 5 years old, have a gestationperiod of 13 months, give birth every 2-5 years and rarely give birth to twins. Dugongs are also in the order Sirenia, but they are in a different family, Dugongidae. The other two members of Trichechidae are the Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis and the West African manatee Trichechus senegalensis. The group of bulls is called a mating herd. Florida Manatee The Florida manatee, a subspecies of the West Indian manatee, is a large, slow-moving marine mammal with an elongated, round body and paddle-shaped flippers and tail. Manatees range in size from 8 to 13 feet (2.4 to 4 meters) and can weigh 440 to 1,300 lbs. Typically, manatees stay in rivers, seas and oceans along the coast of several countries. The people of SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment are truly and deeply driven to inspire on behalf of, to celebrate and connect with, and to care for the natural world we all share. Parenting and Diet Manatees are born underwater. Amazonian manatees are aquatic animals. Their names indicate the regions in which they live. The West Indian Manatee is the largest species, averaging around 10 to 12 feet in total length, and weighing between 800 and 1200 pounds. This species lived primarily in the Commander Islands of the western Bering Sea. SCIENTIFIC NAME OF DUGONG – In this topic, we are going to know and identify the scientific name of dugong. The scientific name of the Manatees is Trichechus, which was classified in 1758. A 3-4 week clerkship for veterinary students wanting to augment their knowledge and experience in non-domestic animal medicine. NY 10036. Receive news and offers from our other brands? These subspecies are distinguished by differences in cranial measurements and by their geographic distribution. It is of the order of Sirenia and the class is Mammalia. © Numbers are hard to come by, especially for the secretive Amazonian manatee; the IUCN says the estimate of 10,000 manatees should be regarded with caution because the numbers are supported by little empirical data. It belongs to the dugong family Dugonginae. The West Indian manatee, one of only four species of sirenians that exist in the world, is the only member of the order Sirenia that lives in the United States. All three species of manatees belong to the family Trichechidae. By In ancient mythology, sirens were monsters or sea nymphs who sang mesmerizing songs that lured sailors to steer their ships onto treacherous rocks. Trichechus manatus Linnaeus, 1758 – West Indian Manatee, manatee, Manatí del Caribe, Caribbean manatee. Scientific names or Binomial Nomenclature is a scientific process wherein entities such as plants, animals, living entities are named and they are derived from Latin. The living sirenians consist of three species of manatees and one species of dugong. Their hearing is good too, despite not having outer ear structures, because manatees have large inner ear bones. Both significant increases in the manatee population numbers and habitat improvements led to the downlisting, according to the FWS. © 2020 SeaWorld Parks & Entertainment, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Manatees are thought to have evolved from four-legged land mammals more than 60 million years ago. However, despite the name, they are more closely related to elephants. This page contains manatee facts, pictures and information… Manatee Facts At A Glance There was a problem. The rest of us use common names for plants and animals, like manatee or … When manatees are seen in a group, it is either a mating herd or an informal meeting of the species simply sharing a warm area that has a large food supply. Manatees usually live about 40 years. Manatees often swim alone or in pairs. A fourth dwarf manatee species was described in the mid-2000s, but this claim was called into question and it is believed to actually be a juvenile Amazonian manatee. The mother helps the calf get to the water's surface for air, and within the first hour of life, the calf will be able to swim on its own. Trichechus refers to the family Trichechidae, which is a genus of mammals including manatees. Populations are expected to decline by as much as 30 percent over the next 20 years. A female manatee is pregnant for about 12 months, according to Save the Manatee Club. Despite their large size, manatees are graceful swimmers. The family Dugongidae includes the dugong found in the Indian and western Pacific Oceans. As many as 6,620 Florida manatees and 6,300 Antillean manatees are estimated to live in the wild currently, according to the FWS. Manatees also eat algae. Container Ship IMO: 9377690. "Today, we both recognize the significant progress we have made in conserving manatee populations while reaffirming our commitment to continuing this species' recovery and success throughout its range," Jim Kurth, acting director of the FWS, said in a statement by the FWS. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) downgraded the West Indian manatees' status from endangered to threatened. The anatomical characteristics they share include the lack of a collar bone and the presence of nails instead of claws. Main Characteristics. The Florida manatee and the Antillean manatee were listed as endangered in 1967 and 1970, respectively, under the Endangered Species Preservation Act of 1966; the number of mature individuals was estimated to be fewer than 2,500 for each subspecies, and the populations were expected to decline by more than 20 percent over the next two generations, or about 40 years. They are not territorial, so they have no need for a leader or followers. The West Indian manatee lives in the southern and eastern United States, although a few "vagrants" have been known to reach the Bahamas, according to the IUCN. Even though the oldest known sirenian fossils were found in Jamaica (. Manatee Internships The Marine Mammal Subsection offers a variety of manatee internships including positions that work on photo identification and GIS projects in St. Petersburg, as well as positions that assist field stations with manatee rescue, carcass salvage, and research in other areas around the state. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we cannot guarantee all information in those accounts. Manatees and dugongs may have inspired mermaid legends. SeaWorld and Busch Gardens Conservation Fund. Similarly, the exact number of African manatees is unknown, but the IUCN estimates there are fewer than 10,000 manatees in West Africa. Take a closer look at these encyclopedia books including information about animal habitats, behavior, and scientific classification. Find a variety of free classroom activities that will keep your students engaged and excited to learn about animals. Their range is estimated to be around 2.7 million square miles (7 million square kilometers), according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Question: What is the scientific name for a manatee?

manatee scientific name

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