Examples include:-Zooxanthellae lives inside the polyps in coral. Manta Ray. The Great Barrier Reef has 1/3 of the worlds soft coral. These threatened species need your help. In fact, there are over 2,800 plant species in the World Heritage-listed area, 700 of which are endemic to the Wet Tropics, meaning they can’t be found anywhere else in the world. Holding the world's largest collection of corals (more than 400 different kinds), coral sponges, molluscs, rays, dolphins, over 1500 species of tropical fish, more than 200 types of birds, around 20 types of reptiles including sea turtles and giant clams over 120 years old. The Great Barrier Reef is home to some of the most unique creatures on the planet. Animals. There are 400 different species of coral in the Great Barrier Reef. Like the parrotfish, it is essential in the process of sediment removal. ... and they have done great damage on Australia's Great Barrier Reef. Coral is made of small organisms called Coral Polyps. In terms of size, it is as big as Germany or Japan and half as big as Texas. From single celled algea to the very large Minke whale. The surgeonfish is another important reef-dweller. Unlike algae, seaweed are natural flowering plants like normal land plants. Because of the lens I was using, I had to get really close to this crab. It is made up of a collection of over 2,900 individual coral reefs and 600 idyllic islands that stretch for 2,300 km along the north-eastern coast of Queensland, Australia in the Coral Sea in the Pacific Ocean. In order to collect the sunlight needed for photosynthesis, plants in coral reefs have larger cells. The blades of Shoal grass are stiff and flattened. A study looking at surgeonfish (Ctenochaetus striatus) on the Lizard Island reef, in the northern end of the Great Barrier Reef, found these fish ate somewhere between 8 and 66 grams of sediment per fish per day. Animals: The animals that live in the Great Barrier Reef vary greatly. Bizarre and Beautiful Coral Reef Animals. With the largest brain to body ratio of any living fish, these gentle giants are under threat. Plants: Animals: Sea Grasses Shoal Grass and Turtle Grass are two types of plants that live in the coral reef. The Great Barrier Reef is home to thousands of plants and animals that all contribute to its rich diversity. Hawaii’s Maro Coral Reef Credit: ... “Lembeh Strait is a fantastic place to find species that have evolved to resemble other animals or plants to survive. Green Turtle. All together, there are 1,500 species of marine fish, 360 species of hard corals, 600 species of echinoderms (starfish, sea urchins, sea cucumbers), and 500 species of seaweed. Shoal grass is the most grass-like looking out of the other types of sea grass. Indo-Pacific coral reefs are home to over 600 species of hard corals (also called stony corals or scleractinian corals), and 4000-5000 species of reef fishes (Veron 2000, Lieske and Myers 2001). Tiny algae (zooxanthellae) uses photosynthesis to give energy to the coral when the coral Red algae is very important. Learn about new Great Barrier Reef experiences, the latest holiday package deals and exclusive offers. If the Great Barrier Reef has one predator it would be the Crown of Thorns Starfish. There are Hard Coral Polyps and Soft Coral Polyps. They form crusts that cement together the coral and make up the framework of the reef. Plants have also created many symbiotic relationships with other animals in order to survive. Read More. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef in the world. Corals provide essential habitat structure and energy in coral reef systems, facilitating the existence of numerous reef associated species.